The band of the South Dakota Army National Guard was first formed in 1885 as part of the Dakota Territory Militia. At that time the band was known as the Second Regiment Band and was based in Canton, Dakota Territory. In 1898 and 1899 the band, as part of the First South Dakota Infantry, United States Volunteers, took part in the conflict known as the Philippine Insurrection.

The band as the Fourth Regiment Band served on the Mexican Border in 1916 and in 1917 the band was activated for World War I as the band of the 147th Field Artillery. The 147th Field Artillery, including the band served in France as part of the American Expeditionary Force. During World War II, the band served with the 147th Field Artillery in Australia. It was during WWII that the 147th Army Band was officially separated from the Field Artillery.

The modern 147th Army Band continues the tradition of musical service to the soldiers and citizens of South Dakota. In addition to coming together for concert and ceremonial performances, the 147th is made up of five Music Performance Teams which offer a performances in a variety of musical genres. FTX, Drive On, SGT Rock, and Black Ops regularly perform at Mt. Rushmore, the South Dakota State Capitol, and military and community gatherings across the state. Over the years, the band has also deployed to Guatemala, Panama and Nicaragua as part of its Annual Training.