The band of the South Dakota Army National Guard was first formed in 1885 as part of the Dakota Territory Militia. At that time the band was known as the Second Regiment Band and was based in Canton, Dakota Territory. In 1898 and 1899 the band, as part of the First South Dakota Infantry, United States Volunteers, took part in the conflict known as the Philippine Insurrection.

The band as the Fourth Regiment Band served on the Mexican Border in 1916 and in 1917 the band was activated for World War I as the band of the 147th Field Artillery. The 147th Field Artillery, including the band served in France as part of the American Expeditionary Force. During World War II, the band served with the 147th Field Artillery in Australia. It was during WWII that the 147th Army Band was officially separated from the Field Artillery.

The modern 147th Army Band continues the tradition of musical service to the soldiers and citizens of South Dakota. During its fifteen day Annual Training, the band often performs community relations tours throughout South Dakota. The band has also deployed to Guatemala, Panama and Nicaragua as part of its Annual Training. As the Army band for South Dakota, the 147th often performs at Mt. Rushmore and the South Dakota State Capitol.